Due to a decline in rail traffic along the rest of the viaduct, it was effectively abandoned in 1980 when the construction of the Javits Center required the demolition of the viaduct's northernmost portion. The park became a tourist attraction and spurred real estate development in adjacent neighborhoods, increasing real-estate values and prices along the route. Saved from demolition by neighborhood residents and the City of New York, the High Line opened in 2009 as a hybrid public space where visitors experience nature, art, and design. An overhead power line is a structure used in electric power transmission and distribution to transmit electrical energy across large distances. A classic. The park runs down Manhattans Westside from Gansevoort Street in the Meatpacking District to West 34th Street, between 10th and 12th Avenues (Hudson Yards). Each color is calibrated to match the center pixel of 700 digital pictures (one taken every minute) of the Hudson River, making up an extended portrait of the river. [48], The first train on the High Line viaduct, part of New York Central's West Side Line, ran along the structure in 1933. Sternfeld's photographs of its meadow-like natural beauty, discussed in an episode of the documentary series Great Museums, were used at public meetings when the subject of saving the High Line was discussed. According to Joshua David, "Empty parks are dangerous ... Busy parks are much less so. Calls for total demolition of the structure soon followed. Community Mapping — Cartographie communautaire. When it opened in 1934, the elevated track was heralded as “one of the greatest public improvements in the history … [40] In 2018 the High Line hosted the British sculptor Phyllida Barlow's first public commission "Prop" which has been described as a concrete colossus. Stilgoe. Like this course Share. [20][21][22] The play area also has a seesaw-like bench and a "chime bench", with keys which make sounds when tapped. The elevated rails line that became the High Line were built in the early 1930’s to address the dangerous conditions created by freight and passenger trains traversing the City at street level. Friends of the High Line raises nearly 100% of the High Line’s annual budget. [54] The last stretch of street-level track was removed from Eleventh Avenue in 1941. In the same year, Congress passed the Trail System Act, allowing people to circumvent complicated land rights issues in order to transform old rail lines into recreational areas. Parks Enforcement Patrols have written summonses for infractions of park rules such as walking dogs or riding bicycles on the walkway at a lower rate than in Central Park. High Line in NYC: Things to do and see on a walking tour. In 1999, the High Line owner CSX Transportation opened to proposals for the structure’s reuse. [45][62][64] Obletz offered to buy the viaduct for $10 in order to run a small amount of freight trains on the line, and Conrail accepted, mainly because demolition would have cost $5 million. Although the section still existed as of May 2008[update], it is not connected to the developed park. The High Line is proud to support our neighbors. Sep 3, 2015 - The history of the West Side of Manhattan from before the High Line's transformation, with special attention to the period before the High Line's construction. The elevated rails line that became the High Line were built in the early 1930’s to address the dangerous conditions created by freight and passenger trains traversing the City at street level. Guided Tours through the High Line Park Guided tours through the High Line have become popular over the years, due to the unknown secrets & history locals can tell tourists about the High Line. Discover local businesses. A Piece of High Line History June 10, 2011 by admin 1 Comment With the opening of the next section of the High Line this week we are reminded of the incredible transformation of the High Line from an abandoned relic of 20th Century transportation history … [1] The Interim Walkway, from 11th Avenue and 30th Street to 34th Street divides the viaduct into two sides: a gravel walkway and an undeveloped section with rail tracks. The not-so-secret gay history of one of New York City's most revered urban reclamation projects is being revealed in both a new book and discussion. The abandoned spur has been redesigned as a "living system" drawing from multiple disciplines which include landscape architecture, urban design, and ecology. THE HIGH LINE PARK HISTORY: ELEVATED RAILWAY TIMELINE . [90][91] CSX Transportation, owner of the northernmost section from 30th to 34th Streets, agreed in principle to donate the section to the city in 2011;[87] the Related Companies, which owns development rights for the West Side Rail Yards, agreed not to tear down the spur crossing 10th Avenue. [47][42], The growth of interstate trucking during the 1950s led to a drop in rail traffic throughout the U.S.[55] St. John's Freight Terminal was abandoned in 1960,[60] and the southernmost section of the line was demolished in the following decade due to low use. [83] New York City Department of City Planning director and city planning commission chair Amanda Burden contributed to the project's development. Lauren Ross, former director of the alternative art space White Columns, was the High Line's first curator. The High Line Canal Conservancy's mission is to preserve, protect and enhance the 71-mile Canal, in partnership with the public. [114] Unlike the first two phases, to which the city significantly contributed, Friends of the High Line was responsible for raising funds for phase three (an estimated $35 million). Is Toast to Terminal and Vast System of Tracks on West Side", "WEST SIDE STORY : THE RISE AND FALL OF MANHATTAN'S HIGH LINE", "Bell Telephone Laboratories (Westbeth Artists' Housing) Designation Report", New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, "Freight Yard to Shut; Central Railroad Gets Permit on St. John's Station", "Rail Fan Finds Rusting Dream of West Side", "The Charming Gadfly Who Saved the High Line", "Elevated Freight Line Being Razed Amid Protests", "How Everyone Jumped Aboard a Railroad to Nowhere", "Q&A: Friends of the High Line interview", "New York's historic elevated train line becomes a park", "Currents: Exhibitions; Designers Dream on Paper of a City Park Called the High Line", "Effort under way to turn old Manhattan railway into a 'park in the sky, "Move to Reclaim Rail Line Receives Bipartisan Push", "City Unveils Plans to Turn Old Rail Line Into a Park", "Rusty Railroad Advances on Road to Pristine Park", "Metro Briefing | New York: Manhattan: City Takes Title To High Line", "High Line Structural Engineering: Elevating the Design of New York's Preserved Rail", "Amanda Burden, Planning Commissioner, Is Remaking New York City", "Amanda Burden: How Can Public Spaces Change A City's Character? Book Now. [123] In August 2016, the park continued to increase real-estate values along it in an example of the halo effect. The High Line Hotel, much like its groundbreaking, elevated namesake 50 yards to the west, is not a simple homage to the past, but rather builds on this epic, distinctly American history, guiding it directly into the heart of the contemporary city. The land on which The High Line Hotel sits was once part of British Major Thomas Clarke's "Chelsea" estate, which was established in 1750 and is the namesake for the current surrounding neighborhood. [87] Hotel developer Andre Balazs, owner of the Chateau Marmont in Los Angeles, built the 337-room Standard Hotel straddling the High Line at West 13th Street. [120] It has also spurred real-estate development in the neighborhoods along the line. [43], Public debate about the hazard began during the early 1900s. [148], A number of films and television programs have utilized the High Line since the park opened. Posted on février 4, 2017 par elise rosa. It lifted freight traffic 30 feet in the air, removing dangerous trains from the streets of Manhattan’s largest industrial district. [45] However, so many accidents occurred between freight trains and other traffic that the nickname "Death Avenue" was given to Tenth[46][47] and Eleventh Avenues. [121] According to mayor Bloomberg, by 2009 more than 30 projects were planned or under construction nearby,[88] and by 2016 more than 11 projects were under construction. [8][9] The route then passes under The Standard, High Line hotel[10][11] and through a passage at 14th Street. At the time, few people had heard of the High Line; the competition helped drive both awareness and excitement. Course Summary Check out the lessons in our US History: High School course to review key figures and events in American history. My skepticism took root during my first visit. Mayor Bloomberg and City Council speakers Gifford Miller and Christine C. Quinn were among the major supporters. Four years after CSX Transportation donated ownership of the structure to the City of New York, and three years after first breaking ground (in April 2006), the first section of the High Line opened to the public from Gansevoort to 20th streets. Rubber Goods. The park was designed by James Corner's New York-based landscape architecture firm Field Operations and architects Diller Scofidio + Renfro, with garden design by Piet Oudolf of the Netherlands, lighting design from L'Observatoire International,[81] and engineering design by Buro Happold[82] and Robert Silman Associates. With Section 2 of the High Line (20th to 30th streets) open to the public, the New York City Planning Commission approved a zoning text amendment, making possible the third segment, at the Rail Yards. Hi-Line restores and tests hot sticks, arms & ladders and other fiberglass equipment to like new. However, so many accidents occurred between freight trains and other traffic that the nickname "Death Avenue" wa… [5] When the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project's Western Rail Yard is finished in 2018 it will be elevated above the High Line Park, so an exit along the viaduct over the West Side Yard will lead to the Western Rail Yard. The High Line is an elevated freight rail line transformed into a public park on Manhattan’s West Side. [108], The High Line closed temporarily in early 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City; while most parks remained open during the pandemic, the High Line is a linear park with few means to spread out for social distancing measures. $37.00 per adult. [57] The tracks leading to the High Line were reconnected in 1981, but as there were no more customers along the route, the curve at 34th Street was never completed, and the viaduct did not see any further usage. A Brief History. The High Line was built in the 1930s, as part of a massive public-private infrastructure project called the West Side Improvement. The High Line is owned by the City of New York and we operate under a license agreement with NYC Parks. [4], The park's attractions include naturalized plantings, inspired by plants which grew on the disused tracks,[25] and views of the city and the Hudson River. The High Line is a 2.33 km (1.45 miles) -long elevated linear park, greenway and rail trail created on a former New York Central Railroad spur on the west side of Manhattan in New York City. The viaduct was shut down in 1980, when owner Conrail had to disconnect the viaduct from the rest of the national rail system for a year. History. [43][44] For safety the railroad hired "West Side cowboys", men who rode horses and waved flags in front of the trains. Self-Guided + GPS-Enabled Audio Tour. [115], The organization has an office on Washington Street, near the park's southern end. The West Side Line formerly extended south to a railroad terminal at Spring Street, just north of Canal Street, and north to 35th Street at the site of the Javits Center. Montana Hi-Line Books. [69][70][71] The organization was initially a small community group advocating the High Line's preservation and transformation when the structure was threatened with demolition during Rudy Giuliani’s second term as mayor. The High Line, incidentally, provides an ideal platform for public art that importunes without annoying—unlike most of its kind today, which tends to fail as civic symbolism or as art, if not both. [78] The Surface Transportation Board issued a certificate of interim trail use on June 13, 2005, allowing the city to remove most of the line from the national rail system. The High Line is located on the west side of Manhattan. [73] Alan Weisman's 2007 book, The World Without Us, cites the High Line as an example of the reappearance of the wild in an abandoned area. It is owned by the City of New York, and maintained and operated by Friends of the High Line. The street-level tracks were used by the New York Central Railroad's freight trains, which shipped commodities such as coal, dairy products, and beef. About: One of the more interesting books about Montana's History, written in a true Montana fashion. So let us not exaggerate the educational effectiveness of High Line Park as a history lesson. It is managed by the non-profit organization Friends of the High Line under the jurisdiction of the New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. [55] The last train on the viaduct was a three-car consist carrying frozen turkeys. [45][68][112] The organization is credited with saving the structure by rallying public support for the park and convincing Mayor Michael Bloomberg’s administration in 2002 to support the project by filing a request with the Surface Transportation Board to create a public trail on the site. [140] As of 2017[update], there are 19 projects in the network, including River LA, the Atlanta Beltline, Crissy Field, Dequindre Cut, the Lowline, Klyde Warren Park, the Bentway, Bergen Arches, Destination Crenshaw and the Trinity River Project. Believe it or not, the High Line was once destined for demolition. [138][139], According to some estimates, it costs substantially less to redevelop an abandoned urban rail line into a linear park than to demolish it. [55] At this point, Conrail still owned the right of way and the tracks. The Dia Art Foundation considered (but rejected) a proposal to build a museum at the Gansevoort Street terminus. [32] During the construction of the second phase (between 20th and 30th Streets) several artworks were installed, including Sarah Sze's Still Life with Landscape (Model for a Habitat): a steel-and-wood sculpture near 20th and 21st Streets built as a house for fauna such as birds and butterflies. The administration of mayor Rudy Giuliani planned to demolish the structure. [45] This reduced the load on the Bell Laboratories Building (which has housed the Westbeth Artists Community since 1970)[58] and the former Nabisco plant in Chelsea Market, which were served from protected sidings in the buildings. The history of the High Line serves to tell the story of New York City in a broader sense. See More Montana Hi-Line Books: Explore Montana. [19] Phase 3 has another ramp taking visitors above the viaduct at 11th Avenue and a play area with rail ties and the Pershing Beams (modified, silicone-covered beams and stanchions coming out of the structure), a gathering space with benches, and a set of three railroad tracks where one can walk between the rails. See a list of neighborhood businesses. Learn about the time when the High Line was a wild landscape hidden on the West Side, and how the community rallied to open it for the public. It consists of one or more uninsulated electrical cables (commonly multiples of three for three-phase power) suspended by towers or poles.. Freight trains on street-level tracks, run by New York Central Railroad, delivered food to lower Manhattan, but created dangerous conditions for pedestrians; 10th Avenue became known as “Death Avenue.” By 1910, more than 540 people had been killed by trains. [116] It has 80 full-time, year-round employees and about 150 full-time summer employees. Montana High, Wide & Handsome. In 1991, the five blocks of the structure from Bank to Gansevoort streets were demolished when a warehouse was converted into an apartment building. L'immobilier est en chute libre et les immeubles sont remplacés par les parkings. [55] The elevated structure was dedicated on June 29, 1934, and was the first part of the West Side Improvement Project to be completed. [105] It opened on June 4, 2019, with the installation of a plinth as its initial artwork. . The book gives a potted Time Line from 1847 to 1999 (when Messrs David and Hammond started their quest), charting the history of street level and elevated train tracks in NYC. [56] The High Line, which originally ran from 35th Street to St. John's Freight Terminal,[57] was designed to go through the center of blocks rather than over an avenue. The building, designed by Renzo Piano, opened on May 1, 2015. [1] At 30th Street the elevated tracks turn west around the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project[3] to the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center on 34th Street,[4] although the northern section is expected to be integrated with the Hudson Yards development and the Hudson Park and Boulevard. The High Line's design is a collaboration between James Corner Field Operations, Diller Scofidio + Renfro, and Piet Oudolf. Shortly after the second section opened in 2011, The New York Times reported that there had been no reports of major crimes (such as assault or robbery) since the first phase opened two years earlier. Perfect for history lovers, this tour of the historical Basilica of St. Patrick’s Old Cathedral in Lower Manhattan invites you into the catacombs, allowing you to see its pipe organ and venture to parts of the building that are normally closed to visitors.